Albrecht, Stan L., Bahr, Howard M., Chadwick, Bruce A.
Evaluation of an Indian Student Placement Program
An evaluation of the LDS Indian student placement program revealed that the educational attainment of participants was significantly higher than that of nonparticipants. Little difference was observed in social behavior. Participation was associated with assimilation into white society. 'The results of the present study clearly demonstrate that the ISPS program enhanced the educational achievement of participatns. However, the long-term translation of educatinal advantage into economic advantage was neiter direct nor notable. Moreover, ISPS participation had little impact on social adjustment. 'Two important findings emberged from the data on psychological admustment. First, participation fostered assimilation of the Indian students into white society. Second, the severe psychological trauma alleged to afflict former placedment students did not appear during the interview with either the students or their natural parents. Although it is difficult to assess minor pshchological problems in a single interview, we assumed that major or serious problems would have been reported. Maladaptive behaviors such as excessive drinking, drug abuse, suicide attempts, and commitments to mental health programs were not reported. 'The Indian families appeared to profit from the child's participation in the program. The participants shared his or her experiences with family members and increased the family's knowledge about white society. 'When the older former participants were compsred with a control group of peers who did not particpate, they were seen to be either comparatively advantaged or no different from the control group. Thus, the long-term consequences of the program for former particpants were either generally favorable or, at worst, neutral. Indeed, the most negative consequences were expienced by whot foster siblings, not Indian students or their families.' (p 524.)