The Civil War and Town Founding in the Intermountain West
Western Historical Quarterly
Oxford University Press
The Civil War shaped the development of Utah's urbanization in several ways. Astride key trails connecting the East with the Far West, Utah's position allowed it to exploit the growing demand for wheat, wool, and other agricultural products in both regions. Moreover, the demand created by the arrival of General Connor's California Volunteers and the construction of their new bases at Camp Douglas and Fort Ruby partially offset the contempt that most Mormons held for their Gentile guards. Thus, Salina, Richfield, and to the north, Montpelier, Bennington, Ovid, and other new towns in the Mormon grain and ranch belts, could find military markets for their surplus crops.