Jewish and Mormon Agricultural Settlement in Western Canada : A Comparative Analysis
Mormons and Jews established agricultural settlements in Western Canada around the turn of the century. Mormon colonization was generally successful, characterized by its great stability. Abandonment of the land by Mormon communities was rare. In contrast, almost all the Jewish settlements failed. Settlers abandoned their land and retreated to the urban centres of the West. Social structures, religious demands, and institutional backing, along with the geographical concentration and interconnectivity of settlements were critical elements in determining success or failure in agriculture colonization.