Unionism, Communism, and the Great Depression : The Carbon County Coal Strike of 1933
Utah Historical Quarterly
Salt Lake City, UT
Utah State Historical Society
In 1933, in the depths of the economic Depression that was to last throughout the decade, two unions competed to unionize the vast, bituminous coal fields of Carbon County, Utah. One was the United Mine Workers of America that had been active there, but unsuccessful, since the beginning of the century. Aligned against it was the National Miners Union, an unfamiliar organization whose officials were strangers.
The race for the miners' membership, strikes, and the armed response of elected officials marked the end of an era of courageous, illegal, and thwarted struggles by labor. The events of 1933 changed forever the character of unionism.