Hartley, William G.
The Closedown of LDS Iowa Settlements in 1852 that Completed the Nauvoo Exodus and Jampacked the Mormon Trail
BYU Studies Quarterly
Brigham Young University
After the Mormons were forced out of Nauvoo, Illinois, in 1846, many temporarily settled around Kanesville (now Council Bluffs), Iowa. The first Mormon pioneers founded Salt Lake City in 1847, but five years later, many thousands of Mormons were still in Iowa, trying to collect resources to make the long trek across the Great Plains. They lacked food, wagons, and other supplies they would need.
In 1852, the First Presidency sent Elder Ezra T. Benson to organize the scattered Saints into wagon trains. Benson was successful in sharing the message of urgency in gathering, and most of the Saints made the trek that summer, in more than twenty-five companies. This article identifies five factors that led Church leaders to push the stragglers to Utah in 1852, causing the busiest year of the Mormon Trail.
Cholera and Its Impact on Nineteenth-Century Mormon Migration
Coming to Zion
Council Bluffs/Kanesville, Iowa : A Hub for Mormon Settlements, Operations, and Emigration, 1846-1852
Explosion of the Steamboat Saluda : A Story of Disaster and Compassion Involving Mormon Emigrants and the Town of Lexington, Missouri in April 1852
Gathering the Remnants : Establishing the RLDS Church in Southwestern Iowa
Handcarts Going East : The 1857 Missionaries
Historic Resource Study : Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail
How Beautiful Upon the Mountains : A Centennial History of Wasatch County
Illness and Mortality in Nineteenth-Century Mormon Immigration
Journey to Zion : Voices from the Mormon Trail
Mapping Mormonism : An Atlas of Latter-day Saint History
Messages of the First Presidency of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Mormon Thunder : A Documentary History of Jedediah Morgan Grant
Mormons at the Missouri, 1846-52 : 'And Should We Die'
Orson Hyde : The Olive Branch of Israel
Outline History of Utah and the Mormons
Prelude to the Kingdom : Mormon Desert Conquest, a Chapter in American Cooperative Experience
Roots of the Reorganized Latter Day Saints in Southern Iowa
St. Louis and the Nauvoo Exodus : The Experience of the John Ellison Family
The Best of The Frontier Guardian
The Call of Zion : The Story of the First Welsh Emigration
The Gathering of Zion : The Story of the Mormon Trail
The Great Florence Fitout of 1861
The Iowa Mormon Trail : Legacy of Faith and Courage
The Mormon Trail Revisited
To Build, to Create, to Produce : Ephraim P. Ellison's Life and Enterprises, 1850-1939
Trail of Hope : The Story of the Mormon Trail