Between the Borders : Mormon Transmigration through Missouri, 1838-1868
Spencer, Thomas M.
The Missouri Mormon Experience
University of Missouri Press
"Throughout the harsh winter of 1838-1839, many Latter-day Saint families fled eastward (some 150 miles) by carts, wagons, and on foot, and crossed the Mississippi River on the Quincy ferry or by riverboat from Richmond, Missouri, to the Quincy region. After this initial exodus, however, Mormons crossed the state for the next three decades on their way west, until the transcontinental railroad made the route obsolete. This study takes a careful look at the emigration experience of Latter-day Saints who passed through the state of Missouri during the three decades following the extermination order of Governor Boggs. It reveals a neglected period in Mormon history when the Saints continued their journey over hundreds of Missouri miles by sail, rail, and trail in spite of an official government death threat to all those who dared trespass upon Missouri soil." [From author's introduction]