"Was This Really Missouri Civilization?" : The Haun's Mill Massacre in Missouri and Mormon History
Spencer, Thomas M.
The Missouri Mormon Experience
University of Missouri Press
"The three-month-long 'Mormon War' in northwest Missouri during 1838 has been viewed by Mormons and scholars of Mormonism as a trying time in the history of the LDS church. As Alexander Baugh, the eminent scholar of the Missouri period of LDS history, put it, 'For a period of three agonizing, painful, and eventful months, this disproportionate religious minority defended their rights, liberties, and property, against an overwhelming intolerant majority.' One of the pivotal events in the Mormon War was the Haun's Mill Massacre, the killing of seventeen Mormon settlers by the Livingston County militia at Jacob Haun's mill on October 30, 1838. The Haun's Mill Massacre is viewed as a seminal event by many Mormons today, who still speak with outrage and contempt for the acts of those Missourians nearly 170 years ago. The event and its aftermath have become a major part of Mormon history and culture." [p. 100]