Reassessing Joseph Smith's "Appointed Time for the Redemption of Zion"
Spencer, Thomas M.
The Missouri Mormon Experience
University of Missouri Press
"In the aftermath of the 1833 expulsion from Zion and for the remainder of the decade, it became Joseph Smith's prophetic preoccupation to restore his Missouri followers to their temporal properties and spiritual inheritance. Much attention has focused on Smith's first attempt called 'Zion's Camp' to redeem properties he had prophetically designated as 'promised lands' his followers were divinely entitled to inherit in Jackson County, Missouri. In 1834, Smith's prophecy was refuted, however, when the armed company he commanded was unable to fulfill their mission to restore to the Mormons their confiscated properties." [p. 27] "Though the redemption of Zion did not occur as Joseph Smith prognosticated, the experience transformed Mormonism into an enduring movement." [p.42]