Social Background and Perceptual Correlates of Gender Roles and Academic Access at Brigham Young University
Brigham Young University
The purpose of the study was to examine gender and social background correlates of sex-role stereotyping. Sex-role stereotyping was examined in family roles, occupational suitability, perceptions of women's needs, and appropriate academic majors for women. Findings indicated that (1) Men tended to stereotype family roles and occupations more than women; (2) Education and age were inversely, but moderately related to the tendency to stereotyping; (3) Marital status moderately influenced males but had little influence on females; (4) Parental divorce and father's occupational status had no observable influence on sex-stereotyping; (5) Maternal employment had some influence on sex-stereotyping; (6) Rural women sex stereotyped more than urban women; (7) Women were more likely to perceive women as having problems than men; (8) Men were more likely than women to view academic majors as inappropriate; and (9) Students who viewed academic majors as inappropriate were more likely to sex-stereotype occupations.