Direct Euopran Immigrant Transmission of Old World Pathogens to Numic Indians During the Nineteenth Century
American Indian Quarterly
Mormon immigrants brought communicable diseases with them to Utah that decimated the Native American population. The authors studied the impact of diseases on the Southern Paiutes from the time of Mormon colonization. Diseases transmitted by Mormon immigrants to Native Americans included measles, cholera, malaria, tuberculosis, scarlet fever, whooping cough, typhoid fever, intestinal parasites, and smallpox. In some years, the death rate may have been as high as fifty percent - a figure of holocaust proportions. In fact, the authors conclude that Native Americans "lost the West" because their land was overrun by new settlers, the U.S. Army brutally killed them, - and diseases brought by newcomers killed them.