"We Have Found What We Have Been Looking For!" : The Creation of the Mormon Religious Enclave Among the Catawba, 1883-1920
South Carolina Historical Magazine
In 1883, Mormon missionaries began teaching the gospel to the Catawba Indians on their small reservation in South Carolina. Previously the Catawbas showed no interest in Protestant evangelizing. The Mormons realized extraordinary success and by 1900 the small tribe was predominantly Mormon. Anti-Mormon violence beset the missionaries and the Catawba members until the 1910s. The author discusses the attraction of Mormonism for the Catawba, reasons for Mormon conversion success, and reports that their skin color was getting lighter.