“Eighteen Hundred and Froze to Death” : Mount Tambora, New England Weather, and the Joseph Smith Family in 1816
Cannon, Donald Q.
Regional Studies in Latter-day Saint Church History : The New England States
Religious Studies Center
“The purpose of this paper is to briefly examine the possible relationship among the 1815 eruption of Mount Tambora, the 1816 weather conditions in New England, and the relocation of the Joseph Smith Sr. family. In doing so, we will begin with a historical overview of the eruption and its impact on atmospheric conditions, which in turn altered global weather conditions. This will be followed by a discussion of the colder New England weather conditions during the summer of 1816 that resulted from the volcanic ash, dust, and gases pushed into the atmosphere by Tambora’s explosion. Finally, we will briefly examine how the unseasonable weather conditions in Vermont during the summer of 1816 affected the Joseph Smith Sr. family.” (taken from authors' introduction)