The 1849 Southern Exploring Expedition of Parley P. Pratt
Pratt's Southern Exploring Expedition is characterized as 'unique an exploring expedition as the West ever knew.' Fifty men were sent out by Brigham Young in the winter of 1849-1850 to explore the southern part of the territory with a view to colonization and resource development. They recommended 26 sites for settlement. After the return of the exploring party, Brigham Young sent out settlers to colonize Fillmore, Parowan, and establish the Iron Mission. The friendly reception by the Indians resulted in the calling of missionaries to the Indians in southern Utah. Their extant journals portray the human drama that occurred during the expedition.