Historical Study of the Demographic Aspects of Urbanization in Utah, 1900-1960
Utah State University
In a historical frame of reference, this is a study of rural-urban migration to demonstrate the process of urbanization in Utah between 1900 and 1960.
This study estimates the amount of internal migration for the state of Utah. Selected demographic variables such as size, age, and sex of the migrating population are studied. Changes in the population composition of the sending and receiving areas as a complement of rural-urban migration constitute the crux of this study.
The indirect methods of estimating the net intercensal migration, census survival and life table survival ratio met hods, are used in tabulations. Limitations were imposed, as for availability of the data , in usage of any direct methods of migration measurement. The survival ratio met hods used, however, are the most reliable in this context.
The results, indicating the intercensal amount of internal migration for Utah, shed some light on the urbanization process of the state. The findings, for the first time, demonstrate the volume and direction of the internal migration for Utah during the first six decades of the twentieth century. The results may substantially contribute to the state's future socio-economic plannings. Beyond a purely demographic analysis of the significance of migration lies the broad realm of manpower economics, institutional plannings, city plannings, rural problems, transportation, pollution, and a score of others. The population factor, naturally, cannot be separated from these social phenomena. The trends and directions of migration can, therefore, be used when and where future plans are formulated and past trends are studied.